Letters - 30 June 2010

Capitalism Produces Food for Profit, Not for Health


I was happy to read the article on health care “reform” in the last issue of CHALLENGE. It explained why health care can’t be guaranteed for all people in a capitalist system. (See 6/09/10 issue) We also need to understand that what makes us healthy isn’t just being seen by a doctor. Our whole lifestyle — including stress at our jobs, satisfaction with our relationships, exercise and diet — determines how healthy we are. Capitalism doesn’t allow workers to choose a life that will be happiest and healthiest.

We don’t have to wait for a communist revolution to start living better. I would like to see my friends and comrades look into the scientific evidence about the benefits of a plant-based, vegan diet. I became a vegan over ten years ago for ethical reasons. Since then, I’ve learned a lot about nutrition and how to eat healthfully.

In the book “The China Study,” Dr. T. Colin Campbell presents an overwhelming body of comparative studies that show diets high in animal products (meat and dairy) are correlated at 95% or higher with cancer, diabetes, heart disease, obesity, autism and Alzheimer’s. Our likelihood of suffering something like breast cancer, which we commonly think is determined by genetics, actually has much more to do with our diet and physical fitness level than genes. But, as Dr. Campbell discusses in the book, if we can master our own health by changing our lifestyle, we don’t need expensive surgeries or medicines.

The pharmaceutical and medical industries stand to lose profits, not to mention the meat and dairy producers whose interests are represented by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and other government bodies. We need to find good science to expose these lies, and show others why capitalism just doesn’t work.

Healthy Red

The Capitalist ‘Oil Curse’ in the Niger Delta Exceeds the Gulf Spill


After Katrina came the murderous BP exploding oil well. Some people in the Gulf region must be mad enough to think about revolution! Meanwhile, because of media racism, few know that the oil spills and degradation in the oil-producing Niger Delta in Nigeria are even larger than this new Gulf spill. Residents there have been living with and protesting them for 50 years. They, too, need the revolutionary PLP.

Some economists speak of the “oil curse,” so terrible are the normal effects of capitalist production on oil workers and residents. The media focus on a few disasters that affect U.S. or Europe, ignoring the chronic racist oil curse and making us think the oil industry’s pursuit of profit and power is basically fine. Not true! And that’s in “peaceful” times. The other curse of oil under capitalism is that it breeds genocidal imperialist wars.

An article by John Vidal in The Observer, May 30, 2010, spells it out. More oil has been spilled in the Niger Delta every year than has been leaked in the Gulf of Mexico. On May 1 a ruptured Exxon Mobil pipeline in the state of Akwa Ibom spilled more than a million gallons into the Delta in seven days before it was stopped.

“We are faced with incessant oil spills from rusty pipes, some of which are 40 years old,” said a resident. A community leader in Ibeno said: “Oil companies do not value our life, they want us to all die. In the past two years, we have experienced 10 oil spills and fishermen cannot sustain their families. It is not tolerable.” 

With 606 oilfields, according to Vidal, the Niger Delta supplies 40% of all the crude the U.S. imports and is the world capital of oil pollution. Life expectancy has fallen to 40 years over the last two generations, and half the population has no access to clean water. Nnimmo Bassey of Friends of the Earth says that oil companies in Nigeria largely ignore their spills and cover them up.

Writer Ben Ikari says: “When I see the efforts being made in the U.S. I feel a great sense of sadness at the double standards.” Bassey continues: “The Gulf spill can be seen as a metaphor for what is happening daily in Nigeria and other parts of Africa.”

Judith Kimerling, a CUNY professor, writes in her book “Amazon Crude” about similar effects of the oil curse in Ecuador. The Jayne Cortez poem “U.S./Nigerian Relations” sums it up in two lines: “They want the oil/But they don’t want the people.” In a marching song, Bassey wrote of the “gallows called oil rigs/Drilling our souls,” then went on: “We know our dreams/Won’t burst like crude pipes.” The Delta rebels know our revolutionary dreams mean we’ve got to fight back.

Community groups, NGOs and rebel bands fight the oil curse daily, ignored by the media, but they can never plug the leak at the bottom of all this: the profit system itself, which, as Bassey says of the oil companies, is indeed “a danger to the planet.” Communists everywhere need to join and spark these struggles until our Party builds an international revolutionary movement out of our class’s daily battle to survive.

African Studies Teacher


Letters - 23 June 2010

PL Study Group Stirs Up ‘Plenty to think about…’

Our Pennsylvania CHALLENGE study group contains spirited and sometimes combative workers. Recently we discussed whether fascists should have freedom of speech. The discussion grew from the fact that the Neo-Nazi Aryan Nation is holding a rally at the Gettysburg battlefield in June.

One group member said he thought they should have this right, but added that a large protest should confront these fascists. Another member declared that the Aryan Nation is devoted to Hitler and genocide and should not have this right, but should be confronted and smashed by an integrated workers movement led by the PLP. A member who works as a waitress agreed with those sentiments.

Another member, a teacher, asked if the current government should be encouraged to pass laws barring these hate groups. But another felt this wasn’t the way to go. He said the current government is a capitalist one, and is more likely to pass laws against communists, that only the workers can stop these types of groups.

Then we discussed a recent newspaper column which advocated that the current government could be reformed to serve the interests of workers. This is just a classic liberal position, said one member, and will never happen since the current government is controlled completely by the ruling capitalist class and can never be reformed. It will take a workers’ revolution and establishment of a genuine workers’ state to fundamentally alter conditions for all workers. Except for one person, most agreed with this assessment.

The waitress said the discussion group gave her more than enough to think about, stating she was glad this group existed, along with CHALLENGE, since the mass media told nothing but lies.

Next year we hope to attend the May Day march.

Red Coal

Angry Workers Slam Pols for Racist ‘Non-Decision’

An angry crowd of 400 workers and youth filled City Council chambers on May 28 in Worcester, MA, to blast the racist Council members, shaking them up with cries of “Shame! Shame!”

After having confronted the Tea Party and their racist friends the previous week (see p. 1), the group returned here to expose the Council’s racist decision to not even discuss a boycott of Arizona and its racist laws. This was not the first issue from the Latino community the Council refused to discuss. It also voted against a livery service in Latino neighborhoods and against keeping swimming pools open.

After a short rally at City Hall, during which Progressive Labor Party along with community leaders spoke, almost the entire rally marched up the steps to City Council Chambers. Some organizers of the second action had the youth tape their mouths so they’d “be polite” while people were told to stand silently. But the workers were very angry and refused to be silenced. They soon started chanting “shame, shame” and “vote them out!” at the City Councilors, while the youth chanted “ No more hate.” Some of our comrades and friends led the chant, “Asian, Latin, black and white, against racism we must unite!”

The councilors were shaken. Some called for “defusing” the anger. One councilor said if the city didn’t do something it would explode. The local newspaper did not cover the rally, although a City Council reporter was present. So far, the newspaper has refused to print any letters about the action. It e-mailed one person, saying Councilor Barbara Haller was not a racist. Her actions have proved differently.

PLP members were in the leadership committee and others sold CHALLENGE.  We pointed out how racism hurts everyone by dividing the working class. We called for a workers’ society that we, not the bosses’ politicians, would run and how it will meet the needs of our class.

Anti-Racist Red

Make an Opportunity — and Work
Your Butt Off

A few months ago the political action committee of our local organization passed a resolution supporting immediate U.S. withdrawal from Iraq and Afghanistan. Now more than 80% of the 100 or so members who attended the annual meeting of the full membership have voted in favor of the resolution. The three months prior to the meeting were rich in ideological struggle, with articles for and against appearing in the group’s newsletter.

We had to convince those who supported the resolution to attend the meeting and to be prepared to sit through discussion of organizational business.  A number of people in the political action committee wrote articles and helped with the get-out-the-vote campaign, but too much was done by too few of us.

After the meeting a friend and fellow member of the political action committee took us out for a drink. We showed him CHALLENGE and will talk to him about continuing to receive the paper and about joining our monthly readers’ group.

PLP’s 2005 statement, Dark Night Shall Have Its End, talks about the importance of seizing every opportunity during this difficult period to bring about a new period in which the movement for communist revolution can grow even faster. We see two kinds of opportunities: those we create and those that arise independently of our efforts.

We created this opportunity. Prior to our campaign, there was no groundswell of active opposition to the wars among the group’s members, who were preoccupied with other issues. In fact, probably about 90% of the people who voted for the resolution had voted for Obama; our linking of Afghanistan to Iraq was initially very uncomfortable for most of them.

We had to prove that the U.S. wanted to “secure” Afghanistan in order to build the TAPI pipeline and that the U.S. had supported the Taliban and might even do so again if they could cut a pipeline deal with them. The Karzai regime is hopelessly corrupt and similar to the Taliban in its oppression of women. We argued that it was absurd to believe that the U.S. is invading Afghanistan to help build infrastructure and support “human rights.” The U.S., state and municipal governments are so broke they can’t even maintain infrastructure here and are conducting assault after assault on workers’ rights, liberties, and standard of living.

Now another opportunity has come along, this one independent of our efforts. There’s a big rally and march May 29th in Phoenix in opposition to Arizona’s racist law attacking undocumented workers.  We are working hard to mobilize members of the group to go to Phoenix where we can expose both the local fascist scapegoating of immigrants as well as the liberal Dream (Nightmare) Act fascism documented on the back page of the May 26 CHALLENGE.

Determined Comrade

Captured By The Israeli Military

My niece in Greece has been a political activist since she was 16 years old. One of the causes she has been involved in is the plight of the Palestinian people in Gaza. She has gone there several times to do humanitarian work as a doctor.

She was on the last boat in the flotilla captured by the Israeli military. Because the boat was in international waters, the captain would not surrender until receiving instructions from the Greek government. When he refused to surrender, Israeli soldiers beat him badly with their rifle butts. Everyone on the boat was arrested.

In jail, the captives were not allowed food or water for a day and a half and were repeatedly strip-searched. Sixteen people were eventually released but thirty-five still remain in jail and the Israeli government has not released information about their condition and what will happen to them.

The boat my niece was on was carrying medical supplies and books. The brutal actions of the Israeli government will not stop the international effort to break the blockade of Gaza and assist our brothers and sisters who are suffering there.

New York City Comrade


Letters of March 12, 2010

Miners’ Death Rate: 75 Times General Population!

The April 28 issue of CHALLENGE reported on the recent deaths of 29 miners in West Virginia’s Massey Energy coal mine. One article mentioned that since 1900 over 100,000 miners have died in U.S. mining “accidents.” It also said that every day three miners die slower more painful deaths from black lung disease, just from breathing the air in the mines.

While the number of sudden violent deaths from U.S. mining “accidents” has decreased to a rate of about 30 a year (with an even higher death rate among Chinese miners), the average number over the last century has been close to three per day. That’s three per day from “accidents” plus a similar number from black lung disease, or close to six coal miners dying per day in the U.S.

Now the estimates of deaths among the entire U.S. population from a variety of lung diseases (including emphysema, asthma and lung cancer) range as high as 100,000 per year, or almost 300 per day, from the smog and general pollution caused by the burning of coal and oil (fossil fuels).

The death rate then from coal mining (and other fossil fuels) is six per day per 80,000 coal miners, or about 75 per million miner-days. Yet in the general population the death rate from coal and oil burning is 300 per day per 300 million people, or about 1 per million person-days. In other words, while the death rate among the general population is outrageously high, and absolutely avoidable with the ending of the use of fossil fuels for electricity and transportation, the rate among coal miners is 75 times higher!

And while pollution from fossil-fuel burning causes hundreds of thousands of U.S. deaths per year, with a couple of million such deaths worldwide, a more long-term and potentially more serious problem for the world’s working class is the production of global warming from fossil fuels. (See article on global warming on back page and

The only explanation for this “weapon of mass death and destruction” is the demands of the profit system. The only solution is to destroy the profit system and create a communist system ruled by the working class, one based on workers’ needs, not bosses’ profits.

Saguaro Rojo

Working-Class Solidarity Makes Cops Back Off

The last issue (CHALLENGE, 4/28/10) had very informative coverage of struggles in the mining industry. On vacation recently, we stopped for lunch in the small town of Boron, California where another important battle is raging.

Boron is where Rio Tinto, an English and Australian multi-national mining conglomerate, operates California’s largest open pit mine. This mine contains the largest concentration of borax in the world. Borax is used in the manufacture of many products such as soap, glass and automobiles.

The profits of Rio Tinto are enormous. (In 2009, net earnings of almost $5 billion on revenues of $44 billion). In order to compete in the global economy, Rio Tinto tried to “modernize” its work practices. They are imposing slave labor and poverty wages on the 600-member workforce, organized in the ILWU (International Longshoremen and Warehouse Union).

According to one ILWU member, Rio Tinto wants to turn all workers into “day laborers” by ending benefits and part-timing the work. The ILWU and the workers rejected this cruel offer, which is just one more effort to destroy a section of unionized workers who have fought for and won a little extra out of the profit margins of the employers. In January 2010, Rio Tinto immediately hired scabs and locked out the union members. They have used the full force of the government — police blockades, arrests and the courts — to keep production going. They claim that the unions are “out of touch.”

Workers from South Africa, Australia, Turkey, New Zealand, Canada, Europe and Papua New Guinea have expressed solidarity with action and support for the locked-out Boron miners. The battle rages.

While there, we ate in a small Mexican restaurant. A sign in the window, from the ILWU, stated that the restaurant supported the locked-out families of the Rio Tinto mine. The atmosphere was very friendly with people greeting each other as they came in. There was a low murmur of conversation going on and the normal sounds of people eating their meal.

This background noise was suddenly interrupted when three big cops came into the restaurant appearing to be searching for someone. A silence fell over the restaurant and all the customers were glaring at the cops. The tension in the place was palpable. It was class-consciousness becoming a material force. The three cops, almost in military fashion, made an about-face and scurried out the door. The low murmur resumed.

One day this working-class solidarity will be led by the revolutionary communist PLP. The workers will do a little “modernizing” of their own and we will find out who is “out of touch.”

Rio Tinto, or any other capitalist venture, will not be needed in the production of the needs of the international working class.

We felt very proud to witness this show of working-class solidarity.

Retired-but-still-active Red


Letters of April 28, 2010

May Day Social Crosses All Borders

The importance of social occasions never gets enough credit. We had a pre-May Day party with 23 people from six different countries, the majority NOT born in the U.S. We had planned to focus on the centuries of attacks on the working class in Haiti. Some people didn’t know that the only successful slave revolution occurred there 200 years ago, which provides both inspiration and lessons for us today.

People arrived at various times due to different work schedules, including overtime and Saturday work, now mandatory for some in schools and for all day-laborers. People introduced themselves one by one, relating their countries’ conditions, their parents’ stories, their own history, why they came here and how they arrived.

In Ecuador, the phony land reform divides property among people who already own some land and gives little to those in dire need. The father of one person fought the 1965 U.S. invasion of the Dominican Republic because it was obvious to everyone there that U.S. rulers weren’t invading to improve the lot of working-class people.

Another spoke of fascism in Hungary which appealed to nationalism and “bettering” conditions by deporting “undesirable” immigrants, Jewish people and dividing workers. One man from Pennsylvania talked about the recent deaths of 29 miners because of safety violations.

We discussed the limitations of corrupt unions. Several people from Haiti wanted us to understand that the revolution that ended in 1803 with national “independence” went backwards, subject to the imperialists’ profit needs. We agreed that attempts at reforming conditions don’t deal with the reality of class society and capitalism’s profit requirements.

The best part of the discussion dealt with how communism would be the best system. We all agreed that borders only serve the wealthy. We would use houses already constructed instead of building new ones. Someone pointed out, therefore, that most people might need to work less to produce what we need, giving us more time to create a healthy, beautiful environment.

There were many topics we didn’t have time for — like linking the social-service and education cutback fights in our unions to the need for communism — so we decided to have a post-May Day BBQ!

A Comrade

Immigrant Workers Need Red Flag, Not U.S. Flag

I attended the March for “Comprehensive Immigration Reform” in Washington, D.C. True to capitalist U.S. history, immigrants were called on to prove their patriotism by waving the American flag, bowing down to Democratic Party politicians and chanting U.S.A.! (led by SEIU president Andy Stern.) Many of the participants, documented and undocumented, and citizens, mostly Latino, complied. But many did not. A group of PLP members who participated distributed several hundred CHALLENGES and led chants, such as “We are workers, we are not illegals!” and “Workers struggles have no borders.”

The liberal wing of the U.S. ruling class clearly controlled the event, politically and organizationally. But things are not always as they seem. The marchers are working-class families whose lives contradict the hype, manipulation and glitter of politicians and the call for sacrifice and patriotism. These workers have families and friends in desperate conditions in the countries of origin. They are workers and youth who gravitate to the call for a communist revolution for a world without exploitation, racism, imperialist war and national borders.

As PLP members continue to build a base in the working class, with confidence and patience, as we recruit new PLP members and expand CHALLENGE networks, organize study groups and forums, unite the working class internationally and intensify the class struggle our communist political influence will grow. Not overnight, but definitely. Not only in the future, but now.

Pro-immigrant Red

‘Alice in Wonderland’ Fairy Tale About Capitalism

I went to see the new movie Alice In Wonderland. The story unfortunately makes it seem like fighting sexism can only happen by ignoring racist imperialism and embracing capitalist fairy tales. In the story, Alice is the daughter of a businessman in Victorian England. She is 19 when she travels back to Wonderland, a place she visited as a small child and thought she had only imagined. The people of Wonderland believe Alice is the champion they’ve been waiting for to slay a dragon and defeat the evil Red Queen.

I was excited to see a fantasy story with a female hero, and, more importantly, I was happy that no one in Wonderland questions whether Alice can do it because she is female. They simply accept her. Through her adventure, she gains the self-confidence to take charge of her own life in the real world. But the script has her do this by learning to “believe in the impossible” — like her deceased father, who was known for his risky business deals.

All I could think of were the risky deals cut by traders at investment banks like Goldman Sachs and bankers pushing sub-prime mortgages on low-income workers who could not afford them. These capitalists also believed in the impossible, and encouraged the workers they exploited to do the same. We’re all suffering from their reality check now.

At the end of the movie, Alice asserts her right to choose her own life. She refuses a marriage proposal that her family was pressuring her to accept. That’s great. But instead of being the wife of a man she does not like or respect, she decides to take over her father’s business. It is only at the end of the film that we find out that this British business’s goal is to open up markets in India. There’s nothing in the movie to remind the audience of the nature of the violent, colonialist British regime in India. Instead, we’re encouraged to cheer Alice’s triumph, which is really just her successful transformation into a capitalist, exploiting workers in a faraway country.

I hope everyone who sees this film will read up on the history of India and capitalism, and talk with their friends and families about why this ending is unacceptable.

Red Critic

Editor’s comment: PLP has plenty of openings for revolutionary women to lead the struggle. Too bad Alice didn’t check us out!


Letters of April 14, 2010

Palestine: Communism Only Answer to Refugees’ Plight

During the 1948 war, the racist Israeli bosses forced 750,000 Palestinians to leave their homes which were confiscated, along with their land. Mostly workers and peasants, they were forced to become refugees, many in refugee camps.

Today these refugees and their descendants, totaling 4,618,141, live in the West Bank, Gaza, Lebanon, Syria and Jordan. Of them, 1,373,732 are trapped in refugee camps in horrible living conditions, super-exploited by the local Arab bosses, and suffering from substandard housing and infrastructure and huge unemployment rates.

These villagers’ Right to Return to their pre-1948 lands is a basic right, the right to live where their families had lived for generations. However, even worse is their plight in these refugee camps, which capitalism has caused and maintains.

The Israeli ruling class does its utmost to prevent these refugees from returning to their lands, stolen from them by the Israeli state and used to enrich local and foreign capitalists. The Palestinian nationalist leaders pay lip-service to the Right of Return, but cannot solve — and in fact contribute to — the basic hardships faced by these refugees.

However, even if some of them were allowed to return to their lands, under capitalism their suffering will continue. Their villages have been ruined for sixty years. On many of them the Zionists established “Jewish Only” settlements. The capitalists will have no interest in ending their impoverishment with adequate and affordable housing, education, healthcare and infrastructure, or with jobs that can provide a decent living. In fact, if the refugees will ever return to Israel-Palestine while capitalism still reigns, their current refugee camps will simply be replaced by new ones there, and they will become nothing but a source of cheap labor for the Palestinian and/or Israeli bosses.

Only communism — a society run by the workers under the principle of “to each according to need, from each according to commitment” — can provide a real solution to the plight of Palestine’s refugees. A communist-run workers’ state will be able to satisfy their needs, wherever they live, enabling them to contribute to the construction of communist progress in the entire Middle East in particular, as well as in the world in general.

A communist in Israel/Palestine

Class Analysis Links Ancient Rome
to U.S. Now

I am a first-year NYC public school teacher. It becomes more clear to me daily that the education system is set up to make a certain large group of students fail, in order to keep the rulers’ system of exploitation viable. I do not know how so many great teachers survive in schools without a class analysis to explain why there are so many kids below the level they should be at. As a member of PLP, I feel that it is my job not only to try and expose students to communist ideas and recruit them to the Party, but also to give them the skills and knowledge they should have.

I teach Humanities and recently finished a unit on the Roman Empire. Because my students are at so many different levels, I try to use different materials and media in the classroom. For this unit, I spent some time teaching them about the Punic Wars and the Roman expansion.

The first film clip briefly showed the war in Carthage, and how Roman soldiers completely wiped out a town, stole all their valuables and enslaved the survivors. After the battle, we see the army return to Rome, where the plebeians (95% of the population) lived in misery. We then see a discussion between members of the Senate and the army’s generals. The Senators warn the generals that they need a new enemy for the plebeians to fear so they will stand up and support the “great” Roman Republic.

In Rome, not only did the rich create enemies out of people they wanted to conquer, they used disgusting tactics to keep the plebeians “occupied” or disillusioned about their power as a class. The coliseum was a prime example of this as up to 200,000, rich and poor, watched gladiators (slaves) fight to the death.

The rise of Christianity kept masses passive then and continues to do so today, along with other world religions. This same type of media and entertainment exists today and keeps millions of workers “occupied” and ignorant about who the real enemy is.

After watching the movie clip, my class had a great discussion about the similarities between the ruling class in the Roman Empire and the ruling class that exists today. Although, I am part of the system and unfortunately have to teach my students to the Regents exam, I always try to teach using a class analysis. Also, I always try to remind them and myself that the working class has the power to change the world and put power into our hands.

The Roman Empire fell, the U.S. and the other empires today will fall. That is why we need to bring communist ideas to the masses, so that we don’t replace one empire with another. Let’s break the vicious deadly cycle of class society.

NYC Teacher

Hospital Speed-up Helps MRSA Spread

The “Red Eye On The News” item “Antibiotics= farm profit; people die” hits me personally.

I have a MRSA infection that undermined a major surgery last year and forced me to retire from my job. The memory of standing in my shower and watching the six-inch surgical incision in my abdomen open up like a scene from the movie “Alien” still haunts me. The medications I take daily have side effects like diarrhea — truly a pain in the ass!

Farm antibiotics are not the only contributor to MRSA infections however. Short staffing and speed-up in the capitalist healthcare industry is a primary cause. Simply, if a healthcare worker is rushing from patient to patient or room to room, they are more likely to not practice the effective hand-washing which can prevent the spread of infection. Healthcare custodial workers moreover, should allow disinfectant to sit on surfaces from 5 to 15 minutes so the disinfectant may penetrate the layers of bacteria. After working 25 years in a major hospital’s housekeeping department I can tell you, ain’t no supervisor allowing any housekeeper to let anything sit 15 minutes without a fight!

I’ve spent years of being a union delegate and sitting on several contract negotiating committees fighting for more staffing to improve patient care and combat racist unemployment. Several times we actually won some jobs. But as U.S. fascism deepens with the increase of imperialist rivalries and wars, U.S. bosses have even less leeway to allow reform victories like more staffing.

The inadequate staffing of healthcare under capitalism guarantees the continued spread of MRSA and another killer infection, Clostridium Difficile or C-Diff as it’s known.  Our PL club was correct to make the need for communism primary in all those reform struggles over the years. Communist revolution is truly the only lasting cure for infections like MRSA and C-Diff.

A Comrade

Immigrants’ March

On March 21, over 200,000 people — Latino, black, Asian, white — from countries all over the world turned out to support immigrant reform.  Millions of dollars were spent by Catholic churches and government agencies for free buses to guarantee a big turnout.  On the buses, people were handed papers stating that police have every right to stop you if they have a “good reason to believe that you are involved in criminal activity.” If you are searched, you are to say clearly “I do not consent,” but to always be polite, respectful and calm.  

As we were gathered on the mall and handed little U.S. flags, one of the first speakers talked about Jose Sucuzhanay, the Ecuadorian immigrant whose murderers are still free because the intent of their motive has not been judged a hate crime.  

While most people who attended had illusions that reform would bring better conditions, the video of Obama continued the theme that the rights of immigrants were second to the demands of a capitalist system, “effective strategies to protect our borders and enforce the law while offering a path to citizenship for hardworking people who register, pay taxes, pay a fine, and agree to play by the rules.”  Reforms were promised by every speaker, but none went further than the Dream Act that offers two roads to citizenship:  college or the army.

One CHALLENGE-DESAFIO seller opened the paper to show the fight backs against education cuts in colleges across the country and how, with the cuts, classes were dropped, summer school eliminated and teachers laid off.  With tuition hikes every year, the only future open to most youth was certainly the army, Afghanistan or Iraq. Many of the families who were shown CHALLENGE-DESAFIO had come with two or three young children to the rally.  Their faces showed quick understanding of these issues as they saw the article about the liberal mask of CIR and  bought a copy.  Over a hundred papers were easily sold within a few hours.

New Jersey comrade